Types of Therapy and Mental Health Counseling

Today, many people find that psychotherapy or “talk therapy” quite helpful in treating their symptoms of mental illness. However, the type of therapy and the length might depend on each personal situation and history. On the other hand, therapy could be part of a general treatment plan which may include medication plus any other complementary treatment.

If someone is able to verbalize his or her thoughts, behavior, symptoms, past experiences, etc. while talking to a therapist or psychologist, the recovery process will be different.

Even though this might be very difficult or hard, it can help the patient to cope with present issues. At the same time, it can offer some emotional release and the possibility of being heard, as well as, understood and sometimes supported.

Therapy Treatment












A Therapy Treatment Can Help you to:

  • feel stronger when facing challenges,
  • change negative behaviors,
  • look at ways of thinking that affect how you feel,
  • heal pains,
  • build relationship skills,
  • figure out your goals,
  • strengthen your self-confidence,
  • cope with symptoms,
  • handle strong emotions like fear, grief or anger,
  • enhance your problem-solving skills.

Therapy Types

As regards types of therapies, it can be seen that there is a wide variety of them including those related to families or group of people. It is possible to learn about them by consulting people you trust, like a family member, a doctor or a health professional or even a someone who had experienced symptoms of mental illness.

If you think you need information an specific type of therapy and how this work, you should inquire further with a psychologist or therapist. It would be beneficial for you and the treatment if you understand the process and how the therapist can help you. Treatments offered are based on the psychologist’s clinical opinion plus the individual needs of the client.  

Art therapy












Most Common Types of Therapists:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This therapy works on connecting maladaptive thoughts with behaviors.  Therapists works to change thinking as a way to modify a client’s behaviors. It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.  
  • Interpersonal therapy. It focuses on improving relationships and helping a person express emotions in healthy ways.   It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.
  • Family therapy. It will promote that family members communicate, handle conflicts and solve problems better. It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.
  • Psychodynamic therapy. This treatment might help people develop a better understanding of their unconscious emotions and motivations that can affect their thoughts and actions.  This treatment traces patterns in one’s history to give insight into present difficulties. It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.
  • Art therapy, which can include using music, dance, drawing and other art forms, is implemented to help express emotions and promote healing.  It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.
  • Psychoeducation. It is commonly used to help people understand mental health conditions and ways to promote recovery.  It can be utilized with a variety of mental health conditions.

What is more, each therapist might have a different type of training and experience. For instance, a psychiatrist trained in therapy but with a medical degree, which allows this professional to prescribe medication. In the case of a pastoral counselor, he or she might include a religious or spiritual approach to treatment. Another type of therapist might have knowledge of substance abuse issues.


The patient’s expectations tend to depend on each situation and in connection with the length of the treatment. Some treatments are short, but some other are quite long. In general, a person participates in a 50 minutes session with a therapist once a week. Thus, the first one is different from the rest of the visits because in this visit the therapist will want to “get to know” the patient to get information in order to develop a proper treatment plan for that particular person, taking into account the complexity of the problem and the patient’s needs.

When a patient starts therapy, he or she should feel safe and respected, and if there is concern about it, then one should ask about confidentiality. Most of the time, it is understood that the professional will respect the patient’s privacy and if it is group therapy, the members will do the same. A good therapy treatment should address the patient’s needs, goals, concerns, and desires.

Before consulting a therapist, you should think about those factors that would make you feel more comfortable when attending therapy such as:

  • You prefer a man or woman as therapist,
  • someone older or younger,
  • someone from your cultural background,
  • someone with a style that’s more formal or friendly.

You should also remember that therapy is not immediate, you will need to attend several sessions and be committed to the treatment to see the positive results and how you start responding to it by developing your skills, having stronger relationships and a better sense of yourself.

Get the Most Out of It

For a therapy treatment to work correctly, there must be some kind of partnership between you and the therapist; You need to take an active role during each session, be involved the whole process to obtain more and better results.

You can take advantage of therapy in the following ways:

  • Talk to the therapist about your treatment objectives. Do you have particular behaviors or issues you want to modify?
  • Keep an open mind. This would help you incorporate new patterns of behavior or thinking which might improve your life.
  • Express your opinion. If you notice you are not making any progress, tell the professional so you can find a solution together. If this does not work, you can consider seeing another therapist.
  • Be open and honest. Telling the truth is a must when it comes to sessions for the therapist to know the whole situation.
  • Take your therapy home. It would be a great idea to keep a journal or any other way you find useful to stay focused on the thoughts and ideas you want to discuss during therapy.

Always remember that before starting any therapy, you need to consult a mental health professional to be assessed on the matter and be able to choose the best professional and treatment or counseling for you.

If you need more information or assessment in connection to this or any other mental problem or therapy contact us. We are more than willing to help you get the right treatment for you.